The Petrus Church was built by order of the Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz in the years 1905-1907 as a garrison church. The architects of the church were Karl Moser and Robert Curjel. Shortly after Kiel was elevated to the status of an imperial war port in 1871, the first garrison church, the Paulus Church, was built in 1878-1882. The constant growth of the imperial navy made it necessary to build another church for the members of the navy. Initially planned as a simultaneous church in order to reduce costs, it was finally decided to build the Petrus-Kirche as a Protestant church, and in 1907 the Catholic Church of St. Heinrich was built not far from this church in Feldstraße.
The parish church of St. Paul dates back to 1050, making it the oldest parish church in Passau. After being destroyed by fire in 1512 and 1662, the present building was built in 1678. After reconstruction in the 19th century, the only tower of the church stood much higher in the sky of Passau. However, due to the dangerous condition of the tower, it was demolished in 1950 and rebuilt with about a third of its height.
Padua Cathedral was reportedly founded in the 4th century by the Edict of Milan (313), but the current building dates from the 16th century. The cathedral, made in a basilica in the 18th century, houses the tombs of Saint Daniel, Saint Leonino and Saint Gregory Barbarigo.
Passau Cathedral is a Baroque church that was built between 1668 and 1693 on a site that has seen churches since at least the 8th century. An early Gothic cathedral was located here between 1221 and 1313, but was destroyed by fire in 1662, resulting in the construction of a new cathedral. Of the early buildings, only the eastern part of the late Gothic style has survived. The cathedral has a richly decorated Baroque interior, containing frescoes by Italian artists.
The pilgrimage church Mariahilf in Passau was built in 1624-1627 and houses a painting of the Virgin Mary, made in 1620 by the artist Pius of Passau. When Vienna was besieged by the Turks in 1683, Leopold I fled to Passau. The imperial couple prayed daily for victory over the Turks in front of the painting. After the Turkish defeat in Vienna, the Mariahilf of Passau became an icon of the Habsburg monarchy.
The Basilica of St Anthony of Padua, built between 1238 and 1310, is one of the largest churches in the world and is visited annually by more than 6.5 million pilgrims. In a heterogeneous style (Romanesque, Byzantine, Gothic), the building houses the relics of Saint Anthony of Padua and his tomb.
The Old Cathedral of Lleida was built between 1203 and 1278 in the Romanesque style, but its tower and main door are from the 15th century and were therefore built in Gothic. In 1707 the cathedral became a military barracks and a new cathedral was built from 1761 to 1781. After decades of neglect, the cathedral became a prison under Franco during the Spanish Civil War and was restored from the 1950s onwards.
The church of San Martín was built in the 12th century in the Romanesque style. During the Reapers' War (1640-1659), it was converted into a military barracks and from the 19th century, it served as a municipal prison. In 2011, the city of Lleida, the university and the diocesan museum are committed to giving the church academic and liturgical uses.
The Abbey Basilica of Santa Giustina was founded in the 5th century, but the current building was built mainly in the 16th century. Until the Napoleonic suppressions of the congregations, the site was one of the main abbeys of Christianity.
The New Cathedral of Lleida was built between 1761 and 1781 after the old cathedral was requisitioned to serve as a military stronghold during the War of Succession (1701-1715). Carlos III of Spain (1716-1788) granted permission and part of the financing for the construction of the new cathedral, on condition that the city abandoned its intentions to recover the Seu Vella as the seat of the bishop. The new cathedral is in Baroque style, with the influence of French academic classicism.