Fortified Church in Hosman

Amidst the picturesque valley of Hârtibaciu river lays the village of Hosman. The fortified church in the center of the settlement is one of the most photographed motives in all of Transylvania. In clear weather the church has as background the spectacular view of the often snow-caped Făgăraşi mountains.

About this building

From the first basilica built in the 13th century the western portal is preserved – a most valuable testimony of the Romanesque architectural sculpture in Transylvania – as well as the pillars and arcades that once used to separate the central nave and the aisles. Looking carefully above the western portal, one may observe an immured sculpture representing two figures. Some argue that it is a depiction of the Baptism of Jesus, while others say it represents Adam and Eve. The observer is thus invited to solve this mystery by himself. Around the year 1500 the bell tower was heightened and provided with a wooden battlement walk on consoles and the church’s side aisles were demolished. The two defense walls of the assembly, which were built during the 15th century, are connected by the gate tower and still exhibit remains of the former battlement walk and embrasures, vestiges of a rough past.

Key Features

  • Architecture
  • Monuments
  • Interior features
  • Atmosphere / quiet space
  • Churchyard
  • Links to national heritage

Regular events

  • Since 2015 the fortified church of Hosman has been hosting the so-called "Holzstock Festival" - a three-day music festival in and around the fortification. For further details on the next dates of the festival and other upcoming events in the parish house, the church or the village, check out the facebook-page.

Other nearby buildings

Țetcu Mircea Rareș/Wikimedia Commons

Roşia Fortified Church

Even though the fortified church in Roşia still bears the marks of the past, it also keeps several elements of the initial 13th century Romanesque basilica: the chancel, the triumphal arch, the piers between the main nave and the side aisles, as well as the clerestory windows. The church was fortified during the 16th century, and two centuries later the majority of the windows were built, as well as the church’s western entrance hall. The nave was covered with a vault buttressed by piers with capitals during the 19th century.
The interior is dominated by a remarkable Biedermeier style painting above the triumphal arch. Greatly ornamental are the 1682 Baroque altar featuring six Corinthian columns and canopy, as well as the pulpit canopy from 1781.

Fortified Churches Foundation

Vurpăr Fortified Church

The basic structure of the 13th century Romanesque basilica is still recognizable today. Furthermore, there are many details preserved from that time. The initial church had been later provided with a bell tower, which collapsed in 1602 and it was rebuilt only in 1750. The church with three aisles, square chancel and apse is covered by a 19th century flat ceiling, while the chancel was provided with a domical vault during the 18th century. The side-galleries were also built in that time.
The Romanesque clerestory windows are placed in the attic due to the new ceiling, however the northern portal dating back to the same era and bearing depictions of mythical creatures on its tympanum is still preserved. Only the curtain wall remained from the 14th century defense assembly. The house of the castle guardian was built in 1720 on the western side, as well as the old school built in 1845.

Țetcu Mircea Rareș/Wikimedia Commons

Alţâna Fortified Church

The 13th century Romanesque basilica went through numerous transformations throughout its history: the original apse was replaced by the current Gothic polygonal chancel, the southern aisle received a Baroque vault, the central nave was covered with a late Gothic lierne vault in the 15th century. In the 19th century the bell tower with parapet walk was replaced by the current new Gothic one, built in the same time as the sacristy. The oval curtain wall was reinforced with an outer bailey and four defence towers located in the four cardinal points. The northern tower collapsed at the beginning of the 20th century and parts of the ring wall and storage rooms were demolished.