The Pantheon

The Basilica of Santa Maria ad Martyres, commonly known as the Pantheon, is an ancient Roman religious building built in the 1st century B.C. on the orders of Agrippa. Damaged by several fires, it was completely rebuilt under Hadrian (early 2nd century), and transformed into a church in the 7th century. The Pantheon is the largest ancient Roman monument that has survived in a virtually intact state. It has had an enormous influence on European architecture, both secular and sacred.

About this building

Key Features

  • Architecture
  • Monuments
  • Interior features
  • Links to national heritage
  • Famous people or stories

Visitors information

  • Bus stop within 100m
  • Café within 500m

Other nearby buildings

Wikimedia Commons/Gobbler

Basilica di Sant'Eustachio

The Basilica of Sant'Eustachio was built in the 8th century, with the first mention of it in 795. The old building was completely rebuilt and enlarged in 1195-1196 under Pope Celestine III, when the Romanesque bell tower was added, which can still be seen today. Between the 17th and 18th centuries, the church was completely rebuilt, demolishing all the medieval structures (except the bell tower), and rebuilding it according to the tastes of the time.

Basilica di Santa Maria sopra Minerva

The Basilica Santa Maria Sopra Minerva is a 15th century basilica near the Pantheon. It is a rare example of Gothic architecture in Rome. It is in the contiguous convent of the church that, on June 22, 1633, Galileo Galilei, suspected of heresy, abjured his scientific theses.

Wikimedia Commons/LPLT

Chiesa di Santa Maria in Aquiro

The first mention of the church of Santa Maria in Aquiro dates back to its restoration by Pope Gregory III (731-741). In the 16th century, it was entrusted to the Confraternity of Orphans and was rebuilt in Renaissance style and enlarged around 1590 by Cardinal Anton Maria Salviati. The façade was completed in 1774 by Pietro Camporese. Between 1861 and 1866 the church was completely restored by the architect Gaetano Morichini.