The abbey of Forest, founded in 1106, lived from its glory days until the 15th century when the abbey was emptied of its inhabitants as a result of wars and epidemics. It was only in the 18th century that the abbey rose again and was rebuilt in its present form. However, this resurrection was short-lived because the French Revolution suppressed the religious community of the abbey and sold the building. The buildings that survived the dismantling now form a cultural centre for seminars, banquets and exhibitions.
The Abbey of Fossanova is a daughter of the Abbey of Altacomba from the second half of the 12th century. The Abbey of Fossanova is the oldest example of Cistercian Gothic art in Italy and, together with the Abbey of Casamari, one of its highest expressions. In the infirmary is the room where St. Thomas Aquinas lived, prayed and meditated during the last days of his life and where he died in 1274.
The abbey, which is a true witness to Provençal Romanesque art, was built between the end of the 12th century and the beginning of the 13th on an older site. Classified as a historic monument since 1886,the monastery owes its construction to the powerful Abbey of Saint-Victor.
The abbey of Lérins is an abbey built between the 11th and 14th centuries, then in the 19th century after being closed during the French Revolution. This construction, however, replaced another monastery which existed since the 5th century and was supposedly founded by Honoratus who gave his name to the island.
The Abbey of Muri, dedicated to Saint Martin de Tours, was founded in 1027 by Radbot, Count of Habsburg. The abbey suffered several damages, including two fires in 1300 and 1363; an attack in 1530 by the troops of the canton of Bern, newly acquired during the Protestant Reformation, and then experienced major economic problems at the end of the 16th century before resuming its development at the beginning of the following century. During the French Revolution and the occupation of Switzerland, the Abbey of Muri long refused the closure of religious services decided by the occupiers. The abbot and the few remaining monks were saved by Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, who offered them a residence in Gries, Tyrol. Since that time, the Abbot of Muri has also been Prior of Gries.
Benedictine abbey founded in 1850 by the Reverend Father Jean-Baptiste Muard, whose fame is due in part to the quality of the Zodiaque editions, founded in 1951 and specialising in Romanesque art, whose volumes were produced at the abbey's integrated printing works until the early 2000s.
The abbey of Nôtre-Dame-de-Ré, called Les Châteliers, is a former Cistercian monastery, now in ruins. The abbey was founded between 1150 and 1190 as a daughter monastery of the main abbey of Pontigny. The present ruins date from the 14th century. The monastery was first destroyed by an English fleet in 1294 and then rebuilt. A second destruction took place in 1388, a third in 1462. In 1574, the monastery was again ravaged by the Huguenots and then abandoned. The stones were used to build the nearby Fort de la Prée.
The Abbey of Our Lady was founded in 1878 on the 11th century "Sainte-Marie" church, associated with a Benedictine monastery. The building was then enlarged in the 16th century, but by the end of the 19th century it had become so worn out that it was not considered possible to renovate it.
The Abbey of Rouge-Cloître was built in 1366 as a hermitage. The priory was then built in 1374, on land granted by the duchess Jeanne de Brabant. In the 16th century, the monastery was one of the most prestigious in the Spanish Netherlands, Charles V often stayed there. However, at the end of the 16th century, during the Dutch revolt (from 1566), the priory was looted and the canons were forced to take refuge in Brussels until the end of the troubles. The monastery was definitively suppressed in 1796 with the suppression of the monasteries decreed by the French Directory.
St. Gallen Abbey, founded in 613, is the oldest monastery in Switzerland. Very little remains of the medieval abbey. Between 924 and 933, the invasion of the Magyars threatens the abbey, and books and parchments from the library are sent to Reichenau; most are returned to St. Gallen once the risk of looting has passed. During this looting, St. Wiborada is killed. She is the first woman to be canonised by Pope Clement II in 1047. Most of the buildings, including the abbey church, were built between 1755 and 1768 in the Baroque style. Its rococo library is one of the most important monastic libraries in the world, housing one of the most comprehensive collections of early medieval manuscripts in German-speaking Europe.
The painted churches of the Troodos Mountains are exceptional examples of the artistic legacy of the Byzantine Empire in Cyprus. With their vibrant biblical scenes imprinted on walls and ceilings, each of the following 10 UNESCO World Heritage churches is a little treasure to visit.
Cemeteries serve as places of eternal rest for the deceased, but they also nourish the living with the historical events, cultural trends and artistic movements and beliefs of the past. The style, history, and peculiarity of the following cemeteries make them some of the most unique in Europe.
Churches are home to amazing artefacts. In some cases, an a priori ordinary object such as the church clock, can become a real highlight, either because of its appearance, operation or the information it provides. Here are six amazing church clocks you must know about in Europe.